The town of Muğla is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Turkey. The tourist season here is now summer and winter.
How to go to Bodrum?
Bodrum is 846 km away from Istanbul, 280 km away from Izmir and 720 km away from Ankara. There are direct buses to Bodrum from most centers. Bodrum Airport is about 40 km from the center. Bus services from Bodrum Airport are operated according to domestic flights.
There are regular ferry services from Bodrum to the Greek islands Kos and Rhodes. At the same time, flights to Datça, Didim and Dalyan are held in summer.
There are quite a number of accommodation facilities in towns and villages as well as in the city center. You can choose from a wide range of 5-star hotels, motels or hostels. From the center, Bodrum is reached by minibuses and boats.
Places to visit in Bodrum
The Indigenous people of Halikarnassos were Karialis and Lelegans. Geographer Pausanias writes that Strabon and the architect Vitruvius Halikarnassos are ruled by immigrants from the Mora Peninsula. In 395 BC the region of Karia was turned into satrap (Persian state) and Hecatomnos, one of the families of the region, was appointed. Mausolos from the family carried the center of the strap from Mylasa to Halikarnassos and brought six small settlements here to change the region’s rural settlement. The city was equipped with many structures during this period. At the Zephyrion Cape where we saw Bodrum Castle today, there were palaces and military harbors. With its roots and terraces, the city was inspired by a theater in the Roman architect Vitruvius. From the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Mausoleum was rising on such a terrace. Many reliefs and sculptures belonging to this venue are in the British Museum today.
Bodrum Underwater Archeology Museum
The moment you enter Bodrum, the castle in front of you is perhaps the first place to be visited. The castle built by the Knights of Saint Jean Rhodes has been restored and transformed into the Bodrum Underwater Archaeological Museum. Built in Bodrum Castle, the museum is one of the few underwater museums in the world. When you enter the historic castle, which is about seven acres of land, you embrace the past.
Departments of the Museum
Late Period Lagan: You can walk around on a private model of the ship, where the Lagan antique of Yassıada are exhibited. This hall was used as a chapel during the knights period.
Cam Lagan: The ship sank near the Marmaris in a small bay called Serçe Harbor, dated to 11th century BC. Weights on the shipwreck, a sword and strainer vessels, as well as checkers played by the ship’s crew are exhibited.
Karia Princess Ada: The excavation of Princess Ada, descendant of the Hekatomnos, reveals the skeleton and special items that are unearthed in England.
Bronze Age Wrecks Hall: In the eastern part of the castle, old wrecks such as Şeytanderesi Lagan, Gelidonya Cave lagan, Kaş-Ulu cave lagan are exhibited.
Bodrum is world famous as the place where the mausoleum is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world. A path up the Tepecik Mosque at the marina leads you to the Mausoleum Museum. There are very few remnants of the daylight from the very large grave that combines Greek architecture with columns and Egyptian architecture with a pyramid roof. The mausoleum area was organized as an open air museum today. When you get inside, you can see a Bodrum type house on the right. In the long structure seen on the left, architectural pieces belonging to the structure are displayed with reliefs, models and some drawings related to Mausoleion.
Halikarnassos Theater (Amphitheater)
The building you can visit especially at sunset is accompanied by the exquisite Bodrum view, dated to the 4th century BC.
Myndos (Mindos) Gate
Halikarnassos is the most important site of the city walls. It was named after the ancient Myndos city. It is also referred to as “Dictation” “Diktiri)” by the locals. The two towers of the door can be seen with almost their original height.
You can go to Gümüşlük via Yalikavak or Turgutreis. Gümüşlük, one of the most charming and best preserved holiday resorts in the half-century, is home to ancient Myndos. Myndos ancient city remains are intertwined with Bodrum’s Gümüşlük district. However, due to the settlement, the antiquity from the ancient city reached very little residue. The rescue excavations in the city are still going on.
Pedesa, which is mentioned as the best guardian of the Leleg cities coming up to the sun, is in Konacik Municipality borders. It takes about an hour to reach the ancient city. Pedesa is also known by the surrounding people as the Gökçeler Castle. It can be guided by someone who knows the area.
The church, which was built during the Early Eastern Roman period, is located on the Little Rabbit Island opposite the Gündoğan town. You can reach the island by boats.
It is located to the west of Bodrum center. It serves as a marina for the wooden boats, especially in the winter months. Wooden boat enthusiasts can watch wooden boats being built or repaired during the summer in these large workshops.
Zeki Müren Art Museum
The house used by the artist living in Bodrum for many years was turned into a museum. Here, Zeki Müren’s interesting clothes, used goods and prizes are exhibited.
I recommend to those who want to eat delicious trout and walk among the trees. The valley in Gökçeler Village is reached on the Bodrum – Milas highway, after passing Koru Village, turning right from the big tree in front of the rampane.
The ancient city, located on the shores of the Gulf of Gulluk, was a brilliant period under the influence of the Hellenistic and Roman civilizations. The columns and walls of the Roman temple scattered around, a reliefed altar, but a small part of the theater that reached today, a stoa remains with column pillars, a small piece of Roman-era aqueducts, city walls, an ancient graveyard can be seen.
Gulf of Güllük
It is located approximately 100 kilometers north of the central district of Muğla. It contains the coastline of wetlands and hills in the western part of Bodrum. In the north is the Güllük Delta formed by Hamzabey Creek and Sarıçay, and Milas Tuzla and Salih Island in the south. The Güllük Delta maintains its characteristics despite its small scale airport built right in the middle and its surrounding plain is being used for agricultural purposes. It is surrounded by low mountain ranges of 441 meters, the highest point of this important nature area.
This is a point of frequent visit between the Aegean and the Mediterranean, where the beautiful bays and blue tourers come together. The settlements like Mazı, Çökertme, Ören are for those who want to spend their holidays away from the crowds of Bodrum.
Ören is one of the most important towns of Gokova. There is a ten kilometer walk along the sea and a small harbor at the same time. The town, which has spent much of the year in peace, is being driven by tourism for a month or two. Azmak river gives life to Gökova. The water level of Azmak pouring into the Aegean is almost the same in summer and winter. The coast is full of fish restaurants. There are many routes to explore in Gökova by bicycle. One of these is a steep but dangerous road from Alatepe to Ören. On the northern coast of the Gulf of Gokova, Akbük offers magnificent beauties. At the same time, Akbük is known as the spot where turquoise color is most prominent.
Blue Route in Gökova
Although its wonderful nature has begun to be polluted in recent years, it is still a unique route to the Gökova sea canal with its sparkling sea, indented protruding village, untouched sandy beaches. You can decide on the length of your route based on experience, Money and of course the duration of your vacation. My recommendation is Körmen Harbor Bodrum. You can safely park your car here for 4 – 5 days and you can reach Bodrum, have your trip and return by ferry.
You will find opportunities to enter the sea on the route where you will determine the number of days, Gökova’s lace-like ranchers, exquisite pine forests, cool sleeping accompanied by waves, and nobody else but you. The summer is quite easy when the sea is calm, but it is necessary to pay attention to the storm that starts in September.
If you think about going to the opposite shore somewhere instead of continuing your route until the end of Gökova, the best place for this is between Sedir Island and Akbük. Approximately 7 miles, this pass is recommended to be done in the morning hours, and the sea will be as calm as possible and you will be less affected than the sea traffic in the summer months.
Returning to Bodrum will be a little more challenging because you will row against the wind and the waves constantly. For last night’s stay, Karaada, Smuggler Cove is very convenient, if you reach here in the afternoon, you will not experience the turmoil of diving boats.
One final suggestion is to find out the hours and days of the ferries returning from Bodrum to Körmene before departure.
The Mediterranean Lake in Gölköy, which is adjacent to Turkbuku, is the only wetland in Bodrum. Mediterranean Lake, which is fed with underground waters and raging waters, is not the only wetland in Bodrum. Right next to the lake is an area of palm trees, like a historical heritage. The 1st degree natural site and the 3rd degree partially archeological site area are continuously destructed. The palm trees are burning. In recent years, the construction around the wetland is a serious threat. The Mediterranean Lake and its surroundings, unfortunately, are about to become extinct.