The soft layers formed by Erciyes, Hasan Dağı and Güllü Dağ, eroded by rain and wind for millions of years, revealed an interesting and beautiful geography that can not be seen anywhere else in the world. This is called Cappadocia today. Cappadocia has a fascinating and mysterious atmosphere with its unique homes carved from rocks, churches, underground cities, colorful balloons, famous wines and spectacular sunsets.
Cappadocia means the Land of Beautiful Horses in the Persian language. This beautiful region has a geography that does not resemble anything you’ve ever seen before. In Central Anatolia this is a large region extending to Nevşehir, Aksaray, Kırşehir, Niğde, Kayseri provinces. So save time for this beautiful geography. This is a special place that can not be fed for day trips, as well as 4 seasons.
Cappadocia is a very wide geography. It is a ruthlessness to take only 1-2 days to see such a wide geographical area and to see everything and everything quickly. I like a feast that will last for days, and I like to eat fast and eat away. Each corner has its own unique texture, different atmosphere and special places. A place to visit without getting hurried. Those who do not have time to refer to everywhere and then come back again, rather than just spend one’s time in one place and stay in a different place in the other.
Cappadocia Places to Visit
Güllüdere Valley; There are many churches, monasteries and living quarters remnants between Sergeant and Goreme. The trekking route which can be followed best by the Peribaci formation is 4 km. You can see many churches and monasteries built at different times throughout history. In the first arm of the vadin, the cells of the monks inhabited are found, while in the second arm there are the Three Crusaders and the Ayvali Church. While walking between almonds and apricot trees in the Güllüdere Valley, which once had a rich flora of plants where vineyards are located intensely, dovecinlik also adorns the scenery.
Zemi Valley; It lies on the Urgup-Nevşehir Road, in the north-south direction to the east of Uçhisar, between Göreme and the Open Air Museum. The 5600 meter valley between the beginning of the valley and Goreme is convenient for walking. Sarnıç Church, Hidden Church, Görkündere Church and El Nazar Church are located in the valley. In Zemi, which has a narrow valley structure, there are two points to start the walk between the trees of the fruity trees such as pear, mulberry, plum, apricot and hazelnut. The first one is easier to navigate down the Urgup-Nevşehir road to the Goreme Open Air Museum with a gentle incline; And the second one is the walk down Goreme-Ürgüp-Nevşehir road, which is done down to the slope again and ending in Goreme.
Love Valley; Love Valley, also known as Bağlıdere Valley, is a beautiful valley of 4900 meters in length, starting from Örencik on Goreme-Uçhisar road and ending on Goreme-Avanos road. If hot weather balloon tours are good weather conditions, this is an opportunity to look up from the upstairs. The valley is also quite convenient for walking. There is a legend of the villa with its flat and high periwinkle formations resembling the cypress tree: two enemies of the enemy are the children of the girl and the young boy who are in love with each other but the girl’s family kills the groom. After this, the girl who committed suicide is punished by God for those who do not want the couple to be together, and the valley is caught up in stone rain. Rumor has it that day, this day, the spirits of the lovers who died die in vain.
Sunset Point; Göreme is one of the most special places in Cappadocia to observe the sunset. The silhouettes of the peribacles in the far-away sky seem exquisite.
El Nazar Church; The El Nazar Church, located about 1 kilometer from the road to the right of the Goreme Open Air Museum road, is located in the same name of the valley. There are tombs on the eastern side of the structure of the T-planned, cross-bar cradle vaulted and carved into a periwinkle. The main apse is opened to the central space where the cross arms are joined. The chronologically sequential scenes were painted in archaic style by two artists. The church of El Nazar, in which the childhood, youth and miracles of Jesus are depicted, was built in the 10th century.
Uçhisar, located at the highest point of Cappadocia, is 5 km away from the center of Nevşehir. The highest point you will see Cappadocia with its panoramic view. Uçhisar is also hosting some of the most luxurious cave hotels in the Cappadocia region.
You can see Cappadocia almost everywhere from Kızılçukur, Ortahisar, Ürgüp, İbrahimpaşa, Mustafapaşa and Gömede valleys to Goreme, Avanos, Çavuşin, Nevşehir, Çat and Erciyes from the peak of Uçhisar Castle where you can see Cappadocia 360 degrees. There are many rooms, houses, shelters, warehouses, cisterns and cellars in Uçhisar Castle, which is 100 meters high. These compartments are connected to each other by stairs, tunnels and corridors.
In Cappadocia, a 4100-meter trekking valley stretching from Uchisar to Goreme takes its name from the so-called pigeon-nest carved in the valleys. During the 19th century, fertilizers were gathered from birds fed on pigeon houses, one of the most important tasks of the people of the region, and used in agriculture. Christians living in these regions gathered the eggs of the pigeons and added the plaster they used for the frescoes of the churches. There are two entrances, one from Uchisar and the other from Uchisar.
Nowadays, Kocabağ, which transforms the upper floor of the rock carving vault in Uçhisar into a store and wine tasting, has become an important center visited by domestic and foreign tourists for both wine tasting and cellars. In the factory, it is red with Öküzgözü-Boğazkere, Kalecik Karası, Kocabağ and Avanos names and varieties; Misli, Emir, Narince tagged with white wine.
To the east of Nevsehir, Avanos, built on two sides of Kızılırmak, is one of the most important touristic places of Cappadocia region with its handcrafts such as pottery, carpentry and wine making, unique fairy chimneys, weddings and underground cities, churches.
This is a place where you can see the most interesting examples of cape and rowed type peribacas, known as Pasabag Rahipler Valley, which is very close to Zelve on Goreme-Avanos road, where you should be in the beginning of Cappadocia. Once upon a time, the monks were seclusion places.
Devrent Valley, also known as Hayal Valley or Perili Valley, is located in Avanos. Around 10 minutes from Göreme, the peribacas in the valleys have created silhouettes that can be likened to many animals and people. The U-shaped structure of the vadin is a Dervent, while the other one extends to Kızılçukur. The middle part is called Zelve and Paşabağı. Unlike the Zelve Valley, there is no settlement in the Devrent region. Unlike the valleys in the Cappadocia region, the hiking area is limited and there are peribacles that can be likened to thousands of different objects.
Every time I go to Cappadocia, it is definitely a village I visit. Located on the Goreme-Avanos road, 2 km from Goreme, Çavuşin is one of the oldest settlements in Cappadocia. In the early Christian period, the most important place to be seen in the village where the monks and priests live is the 5th century Baptist Church of John the Baptist. Also starting from Çavuşin, Kizilcukur and Güllüdere Vadiler, which extend to the depths of Cappadocia and where 12 churches are located, start from the border of Çavuşin which is connected to Avanos.
Güray Museum;The Güray Museum, the world’s first and only underground ceramic museum, is a place that combines this traditional handicraft that has been passed down from generation to generation with the understanding of contemporary museology. He also added modern and traditional works of art from the world famous Turkish ceramic artists.
Urgup, an important religious center in the Byzantine period, was a bishopric center, an important castle opened to Konya and Niğde during the Seljuk period, and a Kadılık Center in the Ottoman period. The boulevard is crowded, lively and pleasant. Also famous for its wine. Temenni Hill has two important graves dating from the Ottoman period. These were the symbol of the 4th Kılıçaslan and 3rd Alaeddin Keykubat from the Seljuk Sultans who were known to have been killed in Urgup in the 13th century, again in the Ottoman period. The mound in the middle of the hill was used as Urgup Tahsinağa Public Library. You can see Erciyes and Urgup’in all over the hill. If you have time, get out.
Cappadocia Art and History Museum is the first private baby museum in Turkey, opened with a 150-year history restored to a museum. More than 200 babies, reflecting the historical, cultural and architectural characteristics of Cappadocia and gathered from Turkey and the world, are exhibited.s very important international events, exhibitions and concerts.
Sobesos Ancient City; The Sobesos Ancient City, south of Şahinefendi Village of Ürgüp, has a large meeting room, bathhouse and complex covered with mosaic in the city excavations, which are believed to have been obtained from the local people of Anatolia.
Turasan Wine House; Turasan is one of the most experienced businesses in Cappadocia with 3 generations of winemaking. The cultivating grapes in their own vineyards and operating in their own facilities are located in Uchisar, where they are carved out of a whole block of rock and are the center of the upper tasting. Turasan’s white and red wines are made from Kalecikkarası, Öküzgözü, Boğazkere, Emir, Narince and Dimrit which are the best quality local wine grapes of Anatolia.
You can see the unspoiled local village life of Cappadocia, Ortahisar is made up of rock-carved houses in the village center. In Ortahisar, see the Monastery of Talaşanlı, Harim, Sarıca, Cambazlı, Balkan Creek and Hallaç Stream. You can also visit the first and only Ethnography Museum of the region, which displays Cappadocian traditional life. Ortahisar is located 1 km from Ürgüp-Nevşehir.
Ortahisar Castle; The castle, which was thought to have been built during the Byzantine period, has been made in history both for its purpose and for strategic purposes. Inside there are corridors, rooms and tunnels connecting to each other. The hill of Ortahisar Castle, which can be reached by climbing, is an interesting viewing area and point of taking pictures.
Zelve is a region where Cappadocia texture is best seen as the region with the highest density of spiked and wide-bodied peribacas. Located 5 km from Avanos and only 1 km from Paşabağı, Zelve is located on the steep and northern slopes of Aktepe and consists of three vans. Zelve, which is one of the important settlement and religious centers of the region in the 9th and 13th centuries, is also a place where monasteries are being educated at the same time. The most important structures in the valley are the Balıklı, Üzümlü and Geyikli churches which were built before the iconoclastic period. In addition to a chapel built in the name of St. Simon, there are many rock galls, monasteries, churches, settlements as well as structures such as tunnels and mills. The villagers of Zelve Village turned the mouths of the caves that Christians had stoned with stones and turned them into pigeons.
This cute town is also a place where it is often visited. Mustafapaşa, which was on the rise in recent years and affiliated to Ürgüp District, was a region where Christians lived intensively until population exchange in 1924. The Christians who settled in Mustafapaşa left the place with many places of worship and mansions with the cutting stone work which is unique to the region. There are close to 30 churches and chapels in the town. St. George, St. Vasilios, St. Stefanos Churches, Constantine and Helena Church and St. Basil Chapel are leading in Mustafapaşa, which is the name Sinasos in antiquity. The Central Mosque and the Mehmet Şakir Pasha Madrasah, which are unique examples of Seljuk and Ottoman construction labor, should be seen.
Gömeda Valley; To the west of Mustafapaşa Kasabas, Ürgüp-Mustafapaşa road is located near Üzengi Valley. According to other valleys of Cappadocia, the periwinkle formation is relatively less, but the valley is richer in vegetation. On the slopes you can see Saint Basil Church, Saint Nicola Monastery and other churches in the valley, which are made up of rocks, churches, monasteries and dovecotes.
The Ottoman pasha, which laid the foundations of Nevşehir, gradually started to announce its name with the villages, bridges, hans and baths, medreses and mosques, which is the birth place of the Grand Vizier Ibrahim Pasha. Damad Ibrahim Pasha Complex in the village. Places to visit. Kurşunlu Mosque is located in a courtyard surrounded by a high and thick wall.
9. Ihlara Valley
Ihlara Valley is one of the most valuable places of the region with its 14 km length and 100-200 meters deep canyon formed by Melendiz Çayin. The valley is located in the Guzelyurt District of Aksaray, Ihlara Town and north of Mount Hasan. The first settlement of the valley began in the 4th century. The rocky carved frescoed churches have reached the present day as a treasure trove of history, uncovered on earth. Ihlara Valley, 40 km from Aksaray and 7 km from Güzelyurt.
10. Underground Cities
The rooms, which have been carved into slopes or peribacles, have been home to people for hundreds of years. The rooms, created by carving stone carvings which can easily be carved and shaped due to the volcanic structure of Yarenin, offer guests an exquisite accommodation experience. In Cappadocia, there are underground cities like Özkonak, Özlüce, Tatlarin which are carved out of rocks except Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu which are the biggest ones.
Kaymaklı Underground City; Located in Kaymakli Town, 20 km from Nevşehir, 8-storey, 5000-capacity, 4-storey building with 20 meters below the ground is open for sightseeing. B.C. The city, which was known to have been built by the Hittites with its history going back to 3000, has been enlarged by continuing the carving process in the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Mazı Underground City; Mazı Underground City, located 18 km to Ürgüp and 10 km to Kaymaklı Underground City, is famous for its numerous rock tombs from Roman and Byzantine periods.
Gaziemir Underground City (Güzelyurt); Gaziemir Underground City and Caravanserai, located in Gaziemir Village at Güzelyurt’a 14 and 55 km distance to Nevşehir, are different from the other underground cities and caravansaries of Cappadocia.