Izmir, the third biggest metropolis of Turkey, is a contemporary port city integrated with trade and industry.
|Izmir Clock Tower|
In the west of Izmir, Çeşme Peninsula stretches by its colorful sea, beaches and thermal centers. Ephesus, one of the most famous cities of antiquity, was one of the largest cities in the world during the Roman Empire. Ephesus, which has all the richness of all the Ionian cultures in it, also announced its name with intense artistic activities. For this purpose, this city was called Beautiful Izmir, Old Izmir and la Perle de l’Ionie (The Pioneer of Ionia). Years after these definitions, the city has become a title.
Izmir is located at the beginning of a long narrow bay surrounded by yachts and ships. It has a temperate climate, and in the summer a fresh coolness from the sea takes away the heat of the sun. Along the coast are palm trees and wide streets. Izmir Port is the second biggest port after Mersin. Izmir, a lively and cosmopolitan city, also holds an important place with the International Art Festivals and Izmir International Fair.
Public transportation within the city is the authority and responsibility of the Metropolitan Municipality. In order to complement each other with the lines and routes of the public transport services, transportation services were provided on the buses-ferry-metro. An electronic card called Kentkart, which replaces the ticket on all public transportation vehicles, provides the whole transportation of Izmir transportation as well as speeding transportation.
Izmir was written as murne in Ion dialect, and Smyrna in Attika (Athens) dialect.
Today’s Hellenes pronounce the name of this city in the form of Smirni, though in recent years it has been found that there is a settlement of a village called this name in the vicinity of the ancient city of Ephesus. It is thought that some of the Amazon queen who went from Izmir to Ephesus had also put their name in the keeper, which is also found in the sources of ancient Greece. However, the word Smyrna is not Greek, as it is the name of many settlements in the Aegean region. B.C. Some of the tablet texts found in the Kayseri Kosece settlement dating to the beginning of the 2nd century are found in the name of Tismurna. The `ti ‘in Tismurna is a prefix, possibly indicating the name of a person or place. From this, the residents of the Hellenes or the Bayraklı mound took this front and called the city ‘Smyrna’. The name of the city is probably BC. 300 BC Between the 1800s it was called Smurnu. The old city of Izmir (Smyrna) was built on an island in the north-east of the bay with an area of about 100 acres. During the last centuries, the present-day Bornova rubble formed with the mileage of the Meles Stream and the seller from the Sipylos Mountain (Yamanlar Dağı), and the half island became a hill.
Now this moud named Tepekule has the sample link of Izmir Wine and Brewery of Tekel Administration. Since 1955, Izmir Mound is the first settlement in Izmir, which is a dense gecekondu area. In the first excavations there, the contributions of the Turkish Historical Society and the General Directorate of Antiquities and Masons have been great. The first settlements on the western Anatolian coast – which originate from the Aiol, Ion and Dor origins after the Trojan War – are usually built on small peninsulas. These are settlements such as Çanakkale (Pitanes), Foça (Phokaia), Izmir (Smyrna), Kilizman (Klazomenai), Milet and Iasos. The reason for this is that the people who settled and settled the settlements should be more Hellenized. Thus, the peninsula residents had both limousines and were assured against attack from the black sea. In bad weather, if one of the ports was not suitable, the shipowners had the chance to use the other port. Bayraklı Höyüğü was in a comfortable position against the attack from the land, taking the Yamanlar Mountain with steep rocky to the north, in the northeast corner of the bay.
Former Izmir settlement has been given on this peninsula for about 3000 years. B.C. In the second half of the 4th century it moved to the skirts of today’s Kadifekale (Pagos) due to the large population increase.